Clippings by kqcrna

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How to post pictures

posted by: bestlawn on 07.05.2007 at 12:47 pm in Lawn Care Forum

Some people have their own server where they store pictures and post from there. If you don't have your own server, you'll need an online hosting site like or Both are free, but you do have to setup an account with Photobucket. There is also a pay account option if you want to take advantage of the perks, but you don't have to just for posting pics here on the forums.

To post pics using Photobucket.......

1. Click on Browse and navigate your hard drive to where your picture is.
Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket

2. Double click your picture, and it will appear on the Browse line.
The name of my picture here is 1.jpg
Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket

3. Click on
Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket

4. After a brief moment, the screen will change and display your picture with four different posting options underneath it. You want the third option that says "HTML Tag."
Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket
When you click inside that line, it will be highlighted (as shown) and automatically copied to your clipboard.

5. Paste it right into your message box above or under your typed message. If you paste more than one pic, paste them under one another in the message box, not on the same line. So, you'll want to hit your Enter/Return key two times, then paste the next picture. You can type in between the pastings if you want.

Photobucket archives pictures for you, meaning they will stay there in your account for you to copy and paste for years to come. You can always delete them if you want. However, if you delete them while they are being hosted somewhere, they will no longer show up wherever you posted them on the internet. So, they will disappear from here on the forum pages.

To post pics using Imageshack.......

1. Click on Browse and navigate your hard drive to where your picture is.

2. Then, click on Host It.
Image Hosted by

3. It will change over to a new screen to display many hosting options. You want to scroll down and select the third line from the bottom that says "Hotlink for Websites."
Image Hosted by

4. Click on that line to highlight it, then right click the line to select copy (or cut). Paste it right into your message box above or under your typed message. If you paste more than one pic, paste them under one another in the message box, not on the same line. So, you'll want to hit your Enter/Return key two times, then paste the next picture. You can type in between the pastings if you want.

Resizing Pictures

Graphics that are too large will knock the forum page out of whack and make it difficult to read messages and replies. Please be sure to resize images that are wider than 600 pixels before posting them. If you don't have an image editor on your computer, there are many online image editing sites you can use to resize them.

If you're not sure how large your pictures are, paste them into your message box here and then you can see them after clicking preview but before clicking on submit. The preview will show your message and pictures in their entirety for your editing and resizing descretion.


clipped on: 12.11.2008 at 07:48 am    last updated on: 12.11.2008 at 07:48 am

RE: Conversation question (Follow-Up #19)

posted by: pt03 on 12.08.2008 at 09:17 am in Soil Forum

I had to ask as well, not exactly a computer wizard...

use <_> with a letter in the _ place to turn on the feature
I = Italacize
U = underline
B = Bold
strike = strike out
inside the brackety things (they probably have a name, I just don't know)

then use <_> with the same letter to turn off the feature but put a backslant just before the letter inside the brackety things..

There are more codes but that would be getting into the techno nerd area that is waaaaay beyond my pea brain level.



clipped on: 12.08.2008 at 10:09 am    last updated on: 12.08.2008 at 10:09 am

Harvesting Yvonne's Salvia seeds

posted by: kqcrna on 09.28.2008 at 07:50 pm in Winter Sowing Forum

To find/harvest salvia seeds

When flowers are still fresh, seeds are forming. Here you see them, white and immature.
salvia seeds

Here's faded a stem with mature seeds. They turn black when mature.
Yvonne's seeds #2

Yvonne's salvia seeds
Yvonne's salvia seeds

Flowers fade and seeds mature from the bottom of the stem upward. I usually harvest a stem when most seeds are black and ripe, and discard the top portion where a few seeds are still white. Then, dry in a bag in the house. When well dry, shake in a bag or Tupperware container to loosen and collect seeds.



clipped on: 10.12.2008 at 07:31 am    last updated on: 10.12.2008 at 07:31 am

RE: Trudi: Tomato disinfectant on your page? (Follow-Up #1)

posted by: trudi_d on 09.04.2008 at 08:20 pm in Winter Sowing Forum

I use a product like Ajax or Comet--a store brand would work fine too as long as it says "disinfectant" or contains bleach, etc, on the label.

I'll paste in the link for the pdf--it prints out as either a two-sided brochure, or you can tape the two pages side to side for a poster.

I hope you'll like this method--it works fine and fast.


PS--a note download caution--the pdf has photos showing the steps and it takes a few minutes to download on dialup. I apologize for the delay.

Here is a link that might be useful: How to Save Your Own Tomato Seeds (pdf)


clipped on: 09.09.2008 at 08:34 pm    last updated on: 09.09.2008 at 08:35 pm

Finding salvia seeds

posted by: kqcrna on 07.15.2008 at 09:41 am in Winter Sowing Forum

I distributed almost 100 packs of Yvonne's Salvia seeds last year. All I asked in return was that you save your seeds to share with others, and I hope a lot of folks do that. The question of finding and saving seeds has already come up. Here are some pictures of immature seeds. They are the little white bumps inside each bract. When mature they will turn black from the bottom of the stem upward.

salvia seeds

salvia seeds

salvia seeds

Remember, they're not mature until they turn black.



Finding salvia seeds
clipped on: 07.15.2008 at 09:41 am    last updated on: 07.15.2008 at 09:42 am

Humor: God's Lawn Conversation with St. Francis

posted by: tom796katy_z9 on 08.08.2006 at 11:15 pm in Texas Gardening Forum

"Lawns and God" .....

GOD: Francis, you know all about gardens and nature. What in the world is
going on down there in the USA?

What happened to the dandelions, violets, thistle and stuff I started eons
ago? I had a perfect, no-maintenance garden plan. Those plants grow in any
type of soil, withstand drought and multiply with abandon.

The nectar from the long lasting blossoms attract butterflies, honey bees
and flocks of songbirds. I expected to see a vast garden of colors by now.
But all I see are these green rectangles.

ST. FRANCIS: It's the tribes that settled there, Lord. The Suburbanites.
They started calling your flowers "weeds" and went to great lengths to kill
them and replace them with grass.

GOD: Grass? But it's so boring. It's not colorful. It doesn't attract
butterflies, birds and bees, only grubs and sod worms. It's temperamental
with temperatures. Do these Suburbanites really want all that grass growing

ST. FRANCIS: Apparently so, Lord. They go to great pains to grow it and keep
it green. They begin each spring by fertilizing grass and poisoning any
other plant that crops up in the lawn.

GOD: The spring rains and warm weather probably make grass grow really fast.
That must make the Suburbanites happy.

ST. FRANCIS: Apparently not, Lord. As soon as it grows a little, they cut
it, sometimes twice a week.

GOD: They cut it? Do they bale it like hay?

ST. FRANCIS: Not exactly, Lord. Most of them rake it up and put it in bags.

GOD: They bag it? ... Why? .... Is it a cash crop? ... Do they sell it?

ST. FRANCIS: No, Sir -- just the opposite. They pay to throw it away.

GOD: Now, let me get this straight. They fertilize grass so it will grow.
And when it does grow, they cut it off and pay to throw it away?

ST. FRANCIS: Yes, Sir.

GOD: These Suburbanites must be relieved in the summer when we cut back on
the rain and turn up the heat. That surely slows the growth and saves them a
lot of work.

ST. FRANCIS: You aren't going to believe this, Lord. When the grass stops
growing so fast, they drag out hoses and pay more money to water it so they
can continue to mow it and pay to get rid of it.

GOD: What nonsense. At least they kept some of the trees. That was a sheer
stroke of genius, if I do say so myself. The trees grow leaves in the spring
to provide beauty and shade in the summer. In autumn they fall to the ground
and form a natural blanket to keep moisture in the soil and protect the
trees and bushes. Plus, as they rot, the leaves form compost to enhance the
soil. It is a natural circle of life.

ST. FRANCIS: You'd better sit down, Lord. The Suburbanites have drawn a new
circle. As soon as the leaves fall, they rake them into great piles and pay
to have them hauled away.

GOD: No. What do they do to protect the shrub and tree roots in the winter
and to keep the soil moist and loose?

ST. FRANCIS: After throwing away the leaves, they go out and buy something
which they call mulch. They haul it home and spread it around in place of
the leaves.

GOD: And where do they get this mulch?

ST. FRANCIS They cut down trees and grind them up to make the mulch.

GOD: Enough! I don't want to think about this anymore. St. Catherine,
you're in charge of the arts. What movie have you scheduled for us tonight?

ST. CATHERINE: "Dumb and Dumber", Lord. It's a real stupid movie about......

GOD: Never mind, I think I just heard the whole story from St. Francis.


clipped on: 03.10.2008 at 05:25 pm    last updated on: 03.10.2008 at 05:25 pm

Container soils and water in containers (long post)

posted by: tapla on 03.19.2005 at 03:57 pm in Container Gardening Forum

The following is very long & will be too boring for some to wade through. Two years ago, some of my posts got people curious & they started to e-mail me about soil problems. The "Water Movement" article is an answer I gave in an e-mail. I saved it and adapted it for my bonsai club newsletter & it was subsequently picked up & used by a number of other clubs. I now give talks on container soils and the physics of water movement in containers to area clubs.

I think, as container gardeners, our first priority is to insure aeration for the life of the soil. Since aeration and drainage are inversely linked to soil particle size, it makes good sense to try to find a soil component with particles larger than peat and that will retain its structure for extended periods. Pine bark fits the bill nicely.

The following hits pretty hard against the futility of using a drainage layer in an attempt to improve drainage. It just doesn't work. All it does is reduce the soil available for root colonization. A wick will remove the saturated layer of soil. It works in reverse of the self-watering pots widely being discussed on this forum now. I have no experience with these growing containers, but understand the principle well.

There are potential problems with wick watering that can be alleviated with certain steps. Watch for yellowing leaves with these pots. If they begin to occur, you need to flush the soil well. It is the first sign of chloride damage.

One of the reasons I posted this is because of the number of soil questions I'm getting in my mail. It will be a convenient source for me to link to. I will soon be in the middle of repotting season & my time here will be reduced, unfortunately, for me. I really enjoy all the friends I've made on these forums. ;o)

Since there are many questions about soils appropriate for containers, I'll post by basic mix in case any would like to try it. It will follow the Water Movement info.

Water Movement in Soils

Consider this if you will:

Soil need fill only a few needs in plant culture. Anchorage - A place for roots to extend, securing the plant and preventing it from toppling. Nutrient Sink - It must retain sufficient nutrients to sustain plant systems. Gas Exchange - It must be sufficiently porous to allow air to the root system. And finally, Water - It must retain water enough in liquid and/or vapor form to sustain plants between waterings. Most plants could be grown without soil as long as we can provide air, nutrients, and water, (witness hydroponics). Here, I will concentrate primarily on the movement of water in soil(s).

There are two forces that cause water movement through soil - one is gravity, the other capillary action. Gravity needs little explanation, but for this writing I would like to note: Gravitational flow potential (GFP) is greater for water at the top of the pot than it is for water at the bottom of the pot. I'll return to that later. Capillarity is a function of the natural forces of adhesion and cohesion. Adhesion is water's tendency to stick to solid objects like soil particles and the sides of the pot. Cohesion is the tendency for water to stick to itself. Cohesion is why we often find water in droplet form - because cohesion is at times stronger than adhesion, waters bond to itself can be stronger than the bond to the object it might be in contact with; in this condition it forms a drop. Capillary action is in evidence when we dip a paper towel in water. The water will soak into the towel and rise several inches above the surface of the water. It will not drain back into the source. It will stop rising when the GFP equals the capillary attraction of the fibers in the paper.

There is, in every pot, what is called a "perched water table" (PWT). This is water that occupies a layer of soil that is always saturated & will not drain at the bottom of the pot. It can evaporate or be used by the plant, but physical forces will not allow it to drain. It is there because the capillary pull of the soil at some point will equal the GFP; therefore, the water does not drain, it is "perched". If we fill five cylinders of varying heights and diameters with the same soil mix and provide each cylinder with a drainage hole, the PWT will be exactly the same height in each container. This is the area of the pot where roots seldom penetrate & where root problems begin due to a lack of aeration. From this we can draw the conclusion that: Tall growing containers are a superior choice over squat containers when using the same soil mix. The reason: The level of the PWT will be the same in each container, with the taller container providing more usable, air holding soil above the PWT. Physiology dictates that plants must be able to take in air at the roots in order to complete transpiration and photosynthesis.

A given volume of large soil particles have less overall surface area in comparison to the same volume of small particles and therefore less overall adhesive attraction to water. So, in soils with large particles, GFP more readily overcomes capillary attraction. They drain better. We all know this, but the reason, often unclear, is that the PWT is lower in coarse soils than in fine soils. The key to good drainage is size and uniformity of soil particles. Large particles mixed with small particles will not improve drainage because the smaller particles fit between the large, increasing surface area which increases the capillary attraction and thus the water holding potential. Water and air cannot occupy the same space at the same time. Contrary to what some hold to be true, sand does not improve drainage. Pumice (aka lava rock), or one of the hi-fired clay products like Turface are good additives which help promote drainage and porosity because of their irregular shape.

Now to the main point: When we use a coarse drainage layer under our soil, it does not improve drainage. It does conserve on the volume of soil required to fill a pot and it makes the pot lighter. When we employ this exercise in an attempt to improve drainage, what we are actually doing is moving the level of the PWT higher in the pot. This reduces available soil for roots to colonize, reduces total usable pot space, and limits potential for beneficial gas exchange. Containers with uniform soil particle size from top of container to bottom will yield better drainage and have a lower PWT than containers with drainage layers. The coarser the drainage layer, the more detrimental to drainage it is because water is more (for lack of a better scientific word) reluctant to make the downward transition because the capillary pull of the soil above the drainage layer is stronger than the GFP. The reason for this is there is far more surface area in the soil for water to be attracted to than there is in the drainage layer.

I know this goes against what most have thought to be true, but the principle is scientifically sound, and experiments have shown it as so. Many nurserymen are now employing the pot-in-pot or the pot-in-trench method of growing to capitalize on the science.

If you discover you need to increase drainage, insert a wick into the pot & allow it to extend from the PWT to several inches below the bottom of the pot. This will successfully eliminate the PWT & give your plants much more soil to grow in as well as allow more, much needed air to the roots.

Uniform size particles of fir, hemlock or pine bark are excellent as the primary component of your soils. The lignin contained in bark keeps it rigid and the rigidity provides air-holding pockets in the root zone far longer than peat or compost mixes that rapidly break down to a soup-like consistency. Bark also contains suberin, a lipid sometimes referred to as natures preservative. Suberin is what slows the decomposition of bark-based soils. It contains highly varied hydrocarbon chains and the microorganisms that turn peat to soup have great difficulty cleaving these chains.

In simple terms: Plants that expire because of drainage problems either die of thirst because the roots have rotted and can no longer take up water, or they starve to death because they cannot obtain sufficient air at the root zone for the respiratory or photosynthetic processes.

To confirm the existence of the PWT and the effectiveness of using a wick to remove it, try this experiment: Fill a soft drink cup nearly full of garden soil. Add enough water to fill to the top, being sure all soil is saturated. Punch a drain hole in the bottom of the cup & allow to drain. When the drainage stops, insert a wick several inches up into the drain hole . Take note of how much additional water drains. This is water that occupied the PWT before being drained by the wick. A greatly simplified explanation of what occurs is: The wick "fools" the water into thinking the pot is deeper, so water begins to move downward seeking the "new" bottom of the pot, pulling the rest of the PWT along with it.

Having applied these principles in the culture of my containerized plants, both indoors and out, for many years, the methodology I have adopted has shown to be effective and of great benefit to them. I use many amendments when building my soils, but the basic building process starts with screened bark and perlite. Peat usually plays a very minor role in my container soils because it breaks down rapidly and when it does, it impedes drainage.

My Soil

I'll give two recipes. I usually make big batches.

3 parts pine bark fines
1 part sphagnum peat (not reed or sedge peat)
1-2 parts perlite
garden lime
controlled release fertilizer
micro-nutrient powder (substitute: small amount of good, composted manure

Big batch:

3 cu ft pine bark fines (1 big bag)
5 gallons peat
5 gallons perlite
1 cup lime (you can add more to small portion if needed)
2 cups CRF
1/2 cup micro-nutrient powder or 1 gal composted manure

Small batch:

3 gallons pine bark
1/2 gallon peat
1/2 gallon perlite
handful lime (careful)
1/4 cup CRF
1 tsp micro-nutrient powder or a dash of manure ;o)

I have seen advice that some highly organic soils are productive for up to 5 years. I disagree. Even if you were to substitute fir bark for pine bark in this recipe (and this recipe will far outlast any peat based soil) you should only expect a maximum of three years life before a repot is in order. Usually perennials, including trees (they're perennials too, you know ;o)) should be repotted more frequently to insure vigor closer to genetic potential. If a soil is desired that will retain structure for long periods, we need to look to inorganic amendments. Some examples are crushed granite, pea stone, coarse sand (no smaller than BB size in containers, please), Haydite, lava rock, Turface or Schultz soil conditioner.

I hope this starts a good exchange of ideas & opinions so we all can learn.



clipped on: 02.13.2008 at 08:25 am    last updated on: 02.13.2008 at 08:30 am

RE: Butterfly weed seeds? (Follow-Up #4)

posted by: philmont_709n2 on 09.04.2007 at 10:53 pm in Winter Sowing Forum

a really easy way is to snap off the pod just as it is opening by itself, to reveal the brown seeds, then peel off the pod and you should be left with a compact structure with seeds all around it. grab the white part (the still packed, somewhat mosit fluff) at the top or bottom, and just pull all the seeds off in one motion. real fast and works nice without getting fluff all over.


clipped on: 09.05.2007 at 08:50 am    last updated on: 09.05.2007 at 08:50 am

WSing Yvonne's Salvia

posted by: mmqchdygg on 10.25.2006 at 12:15 pm in Winter Sowing Forum

I was just browsing the old database, and see that it was mostly successful WSing various forms of "salvia" in our Zone 5 (no line-item for "Yvonne's," though).

My question is: WHEN did you sow it if you WSd? Treating it as a tender, hardy, or hh? Or did it survive with cold stratification in a Dec/Jan/Feb sowing?


clipped on: 01.11.2007 at 06:58 am    last updated on: 01.11.2007 at 06:58 am

RE: amaranthus (Follow-Up #4)

posted by: dawiff on 11.18.2006 at 03:50 pm in Winter Sowing Forum

I second the Intense Purple recommendation. I planted that a couple of years ago and it stayed upright, and put out very pretty leaves too on a nice thick stalk.



clipped on: 11.23.2006 at 05:41 am    last updated on: 11.23.2006 at 05:41 am

RE: amaranthus (Follow-Up #2)

posted by: angel14437 on 11.18.2006 at 11:17 am in Winter Sowing Forum

Hi Karen

I planted Red Hopi Dye this year. I didn't have to stake these. If you are interested in some seeds, PLMK. I have lots, so the offer is open to anyone else as well.


clipped on: 11.23.2006 at 05:40 am    last updated on: 11.23.2006 at 05:40 am

RE: amaranthus (Follow-Up #1)

posted by: dirtysc8 on 11.18.2006 at 11:17 am in Winter Sowing Forum

This is not an answer to your question, but you might be happier with your Love-Lies-Bleeding if you cut it back by half about a month before it sets blooms. It will bloom later but will be bushier.


clipped on: 11.23.2006 at 05:39 am    last updated on: 11.23.2006 at 05:40 am