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RE: Rainwater Harvesting and Pumps (Follow-Up #3)

posted by: garyfla on 07.16.2011 at 05:32 am in Florida Gardening Forum

Hi
Years ago I built an above ground 5x10x3 foot tank mainly to store RW but quickly turned into a water garden because of the mosquito problem It is fed from the downspouts from the roof underground to the bottom of the pool so when it rains it serves as a purge system overflow going to a marsh garden. I use a 1500 GPH that i just throw into the various holding tanks because this allows me to use sprinklers for the shadehouse Actually has more pressure than my tap water lol. i also use this system for an auto water change for indoor aquariums though this use requires filters .Strategicly placed PVC with snap on attachments and the fact that it doesn't freeze makes it all possible . I like the "water garden" storage
area because it can hold a LOT of water and doesn't require it be hidden was also the cheapest method as I store almost 1500 gallons of RW and spent less than 800 bucks not counting stocking the resulting fish pond.
I use a "Pond master" utility pump as the power source which is moved from the different containers depending on water quality needed. With snap on attachments to the various irrigation sites.
I find "gravity "sucks" but not nearly enough lol
One thing I've never figured out is how to make it rain. Even with 1500 gallons I still run out !!! I have to revert to the tap to fill the water garden.lol gary

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clipped on: 07.17.2011 at 09:25 am    last updated on: 07.17.2011 at 09:26 am

RE: Rainwater Harvesting and Pumps (Follow-Up #6)

posted by: garyfla on 07.17.2011 at 04:29 am in Florida Gardening Forum

Hi
The most reliable pumps I've found are the "Pondmaster"
They range from about 100 to over 3,000 GPH. The beauty of them is they have no gland ,using a magnetic impeller.
Sealed in epoxy so require no oil. The 1300 gph that I use require less than 80 watts of power though i don't run it continuously . cost less than a 100 bucks but of course are priced by the size. The one movable part costs 12 bucks for a replacement though I've been using it for over 15 years without a problem. i used it to filter a large aquarium where it run 24/7 for around 4 years .
The secret to RW is a storage container though I think the water garden does that very well. Did require fish to combat the mosquito problem. Good luck with whatever you decide!!! gary

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clipped on: 07.17.2011 at 09:24 am    last updated on: 07.17.2011 at 09:25 am

RE: Rose Season is here.. 20+ pics (Follow-Up #10)

posted by: silverkelt on 06.25.2011 at 06:08 am in Antique Roses Forum

Denise, Im in southern maine, upper york county, 20 miles west of portland give or take.

I order most of my roses from pickering nuseries. With a small smattering from others from time to time. Pickering is by far the best. But you would probably have to order from them to deliver to your friend..

If your going to bring a potted rose.. not alot of options locally, north creek farms has some items available.

Silverkelt

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clipped on: 06.25.2011 at 07:48 am    last updated on: 06.25.2011 at 07:49 am

RE: propagation failure (Follow-Up #25)

posted by: malcolm_manners on 07.08.2009 at 07:52 pm in Antique Roses Forum

Hi folks. Lots of good information above. So much of this may be redundant. But for what it's worth, here is an article I wrote many years ago (1994), with some updating notes at the end. Malcolm

Starting Roses From Cuttings

If you plan to do any propagation of roses, it is important to be able to root cuttings. If you want own-root plants, they are most easily produced from cuttings. If you intend to bud or graft plants, youll still need to produce the rootstock plants from cuttings. Fortunately, most of the roses which thrive in Florida are also reasonably easy to root. This article will offer some suggestions for maximizing your success rate.
1. Age of the cuttings: While most rose varieties may root at nearly any age, generally the best cuttings are taken from firm but young stems. On a repeat-flowering variety, that would be stems on which the flowers are fading or from which the petals have just fallen. On a once-flowering plant, you could also use stems from which the flowers are fading, in the spring, or similar-age wood from subsequent growth flushes throughout the summer or fall.
2. Leaves: Roses, like most plants, root best if the cutting has some leaves still attached. The leaves provide sugars from photosynthesis, as well as root-promoting hormones. Some varieties will root without leaves, but it is always better to have some leaves on the cutting. In Holland, cuttings are commonly made with only one leaf; most Floridians use more usually 2 to 5. Be careful not to let the cuttings wilt, since they are far less likely to survive and produce roots after wilting has occurred. We keep a spray bottle of water handy to mist over our cuttings while working on them, to keep them crisp.
3. Cuts and wounds: Some plants are picky about exactly where the cut is made, its angle, etc. However, most roses are not at all finicky you can leave a bud and leaf scar (node) at the base, or you can leave just a smooth area of stem (internode) roses have the ability to form roots at any point along the stem. For very difficult varieties, there may be some value in making the cuttings with a node at the base, since node areas tend to root somewhat more readily.
Many people wound the base of the cutting, either by making vertical slits in it with a knife, 1/2 to 1 inch long, just scoring the bark, or by tearing the bark off of one or two sides of the base of the cutting with the pruning shear blade. Ive also heard of people pounding the bottom 1/2 inch or so of the cutting with a hammer, to shred it. There is reason to believe that wounded cuttings root better than those without wounds, although I dont recommend the hammer method.
4. Rooting hormones: Most rose varieties can be rooted without the use of hormone preparations. This is because rose cuttings contain auxin (indoleacetic acid; "IAA"), a natural root-promoting hormone. It is produced by the leaves and growing buds or shoot tips and accumulates at the bottom of a cutting, exactly where you want roots to form. Some roses apparently dont produce adequate supplies of auxin, so are difficult to root, or if they root at all, they produce few, weak, roots. So, many growers apply a commercial hormone preparation, such as Rootone-F, Hormodin I or II, Hormonex, Dip-n-Gro, Rhizopon, etc. These products all contain a synthetic auxin, usually indolebutyric acid (IBA) and/or naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). While natural auxin (IAA) is commercially available, it is almost never used for rooting cuttings, since it is astoundingly expensive and doesnt work as well as the other two materials. Applied auxin materials generally do not speed up the rooting process, but they do result in a higher percentage of the cuttings forming roots at all, and a greater number of roots on each cutting,. At FSC, weve used a number of products, all with reasonably good success. Recently, weve used Hormodin II almost exclusively. Its readily available, relatively inexpensive, and very effective.
5. Willow water: Another material which has somewhat of a cult-like following, is willow water. Cuttings made from willow trees (Salix spp.) are exceptionally easy to root, and it has been found that if pieces of willow twigs are steeped in water for a period of time (there are many recipes perhaps we can publish some later), then cuttings of some other plant (e.g., a rose) are soaked in the brew, the cuttings become easier to root. Dramatic results have been shown with birch trees, rhododendron, camellia, and mung beans. The theory is that auxin alone is insufficient to cause rooting; there must be an additional substance, tentatively called "rhizocaline," which acts with auxin to stimulate root formation. Plants with an abundance of both substances are easy to root with no external hormone applications. Plants which root easily with a commercial auxin preparation must have adequate natural rhizocaline, but they lack adequate auxin. Still other plants, which are difficult to root even with an auxin preparation, must lack natural rhizocaline. It is these plants which would benefit most from a willow water treatment. Its a nice theory, which seems quite reasonable, and there appears to be good evidence in its favor. But the substance rhizocaline has never been isolated and identified. Also, there are apparently no published data indicating that it is beneficial on roses. To date, Ive never seen the results of a well-designed scientific experiment, testing the effects of willow water on roses. We tried to do such an experiment at FSC, a couple years ago, but all of the cuttings rotted (note, thats rotted, not rooted). So, we didnt prove anything. Well have to try it again. There are many rosarians who use it regularly, and are quite convinced that it is highly beneficial.
6. Moisture: One of the most important factors in successfully rooting cuttings is maintaining adequate moisture, both in the soil and in the form of humidity in the air. Commercial growers usually use an intermittent mist system, which sprays a fine mist of water over the cuttings for a few seconds, every few minutes, preventing wilting. Most such systems are set up with two clocks, one 24-hour clock which switches the system on at sunrise and off at sunset, since cuttings dont need to be misted at night. A 10-minute clock (or some similar short period of time) turns on the water valve for the short bursts of mist at several-minute intervals, throughout the daylight hours.
If you dont want to go to the effort and expense of installing a mist system in your garden, Charles Walker demonstrated an effective, inexpensive substitute, at the Heritage Rose Foundation conference here, in the spring of 1992. You stick your cuttings in pots (1, 2, or 3-gallon sizes are convenient), then cover the pot with a plastic bag. You can use sticks or stakes in the sides of the pot to hold the bag up off of the cuttings, and you can tie or rubber-band the bag to the sides of the pot (see illustration).
7. Light: If you have an open mist bed, which doesnt build up heat, we find that the brighter the light is, the better rooting we get. FSCs mist bed gets full sun from about 10:00 a.m. until nearly sunset. If you use the bag-over-the-pot method, youll have to provide some shade to prevent the cuttings from getting too hot.
8. Season: Most cuttings seem to root best for us in the spring, after the weather is warm but before it becomes miserably hot. May and June are good months. But we do root cuttings all year. They take longer, and a smaller percentage of them root in cold or very hot weather, but we can get reasonably good rooting nearly any time.


Ive been told by Mike Shoup, of the Antique Rose Emporium, that Gallica roses are most successfully rooted in October, so if you are rooting something that doesnt work well at one time of the year, it may be worth trying again at a different season.
9. Timing: In May or early June, some varieties will have good roots in as little as 2 weeks. Nearly any variety can be rooted in 3-4 weeks, that time of year. At other times, the process takes longer, up to 7 or 8 weeks in December - February. There are several ways to tell whether a cutting is rooted. You can tug lightly on it, and if it resists being pulled out of the pot, it is likely rooted. Also, you can look for roots growing out the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Cuttings which are putting out a flush of new leaves almost always have roots, whereas unrooted cuttings tend just to sit there, not showing signs of new top growth.
Once your cuttings are rooted and youve removed them from the mist or the bag, harden them off for a few days by putting the pots in a cool, shady area. Moving them immediately into hot sunshine may damage or even kill the plants. Once they have a good large root system and are putting out new growth, you can move them into brighter light.
If your goal is the production of rootstocks for budding or grafting, you should wait several (4-6) weeks after rooting the cuttings before you do the grafting or budding operation. Working on them any earlier is likely to break off a lot of tender roots as you jostle the top of the plant around. Give the roots time to toughen up first. Of course, you can "cleft bench graft" your plants, making the graft before rooting the cutting, then allowing the plant to root and heal the graft union at the same time.
Malcolm Manners

2009 update notes:

1. Hormones. We still use Hormodin II or Rhizopon II quite a lot (0.4% IBA in talc), and still like it. But for difficult-to-root roses, we sometimes use a #3 powder (0.8% IBA) with greater success. We've also come to like Dip-N-Grow liquid (1% IBA + 0.5% NAA in alcohol), which you dilute -- 1 part DnG to 9 parts water for very easy stuff (e.g., Chinas), 7 part water for "average" things, and as strong as 4 parts water for very difficult stuff. If using a liquid, let the base of the cutting soak in it for several seconds (we do 10 seconds) before sticking into the soil.

2. Willow Water. After writing the above article, we did quite an elaborate study, using 'Fortuniana' as the test subject, and on another occasion, R. moschata cuttings. What we found was that willow water alone never improved the percentage of cuttings which rooted, over the control. IBA-based hormones DID dramatically improve the percentage of cuttings which rooted. However, IBA-based hormone PLUS willow water resulted in cuttings with far more roots, longer roots, and better-branched roots, than did the IBA alone. So in that sense, we found benefit in using willow water, but not by itself.

3. One more note on a mist bed -- roses like the brightest light you can possibly give them, without cooking them, to root. So the problem with the bottle, baggie, or other method using an enclosed chamber, is temperature control while getting adequate light. The nice thing about a mist box is that you can leave the top open (no roof), so they get full noon-time sun, yet they stay cool. That's what our mist bed does, and we claim to be able to put roots on an old broom handle (well, almost)! I really believe in bright light, without too much heat.

Malcolm

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clipped on: 07.08.2009 at 09:09 pm    last updated on: 07.08.2009 at 09:10 pm

RE: easy care antique roses (Follow-Up #15)

posted by: rjlinva on 04.29.2009 at 06:06 am in Antique Roses Forum

I had saved some of Jean's List/Message....I hope I'm not out of line by pasting it back here. It's such a great list.

This is my list of no-spray roses. I am in Nashville, Zone 7. This list contains roses that I have found lose fewer than 30% of their leaves over the season over the past 8 years. This list probably has little value to northern growers because very little of what I grow would survive there. It's also likely that folks like Olga have a particularly nasty strain of blackspot because many of these roses are tried and true throughout the south.
Jean

Polyanthas:

� The Fairy
� Cl. Clotilde Soupert
� Cl. Cecile Brunner
� Clotilde Soupert
� La Marne
� Gourmet Popcorn
� Mrs. R.M. Finch
� Perle d�Or
� Phyllis Bide

Hybrid Musks:

� Excellenz von Schubert
� Darlow's Enigma
� Gardindirektor Otto von Linne

Shrubs:

� Carefree Delight
� Earth Song
� Pearl Meidiland
� Carefree Sunshine
� Belinda�s Dream
� Carefree beauty a/k/a/ Katy Road Pink
� Winter Sunset
� Prairie Sunrise
� Knock Out

Ramblers:

� Alberic Barbier
� Francois Juranville
� Aviateur Bleuriot
� Alexander Girault
� Ayrshire Queen
� Paul Transon
� Emily Gray
� Francois Guillot

Chinas:

� Pink Pet/Caldwell Pink
� Arethusa
� Le Vesuve
� Comtesse du Cayla
� Bermuda�s Kathleen
� Ducher
� Napoleon
� Cramoisi Superieur
� Little White Pet

Noisettes:

� Crepuscule
� Blush Noisette
� Souv de Mme. L�Advocat
� Narrow Water
� Nastarana
� Jaune Desprez
� Reve d�Or
� Duchesse d�Auerstadt
� Alister Stella Gray
� Lamarque
� Champney�s Pink Cluster
� William Allen Richardson
� Secret Garden Musk

Teas:

� Lady Hillingdon
� Maman Cochet
� Duchesse de Brabant
� Baronne Henriette de Snoy
� Georgetown Lemon White Tea
� William R. Smith
� Rosette Delizy
� Comtesse Festestics
� Souv. de Pierre Notting
� Rock Hill Peach Tea
� La Sylphide
� Le Pactole
� Jean Bach Sisley
� Clementina Carbonieri
� Etoile de Lyon
� Mme. Maurin
� Alliance Franco-Russe
� Mrs. Dudley Cross
� Monsieur Tillier
� Mme. Joseph Schwartz
� Georgetown Tea
� Hermosa
� Isabella Sprunt
� Mrs. B.R. Cant
� Lorraine Lee
� Enchantresse
� J.E. Murphy's Pink Tea
� Angel Camp Tea
� Puerto Rico
� Safrano
� Mme. Antoine Rebe
� Mme. Berkeley
� Marie van Houtte
� Triomphe de Luxembourg
� Rhodologue Jules Graveraux
� Smith�s Parish
� Cels Multiflora
� Hume�s Blush
� Souv. d�un Ami
� Miss Caroline
� Thomasville Old Gold
� Duke of York
� Niles Cochet
� Mme. Antoine Marie
� Mme. Lombard
� Rubens
� Irene Bonnet
� Mme. Camille
� Paul Nabonnand
� Mme. de la Sombreuil
� Isabelle Nabonnand
� Devoniensis

Hybrid Teas:

� Eva de Grossouvre
� Radiance
� Red Radiance
� Careless Love
� Maman Lyly
� Lady Ursula

Climbers:

� Awakening
� Clair Matin
� Cl. Lady Waterlow
� Westerland
� Autumn Sunset
� New Dawn

Floribundas:

� Strawberry Ice a/k/a Bordure Rose

Bourbons:

� Souv. de la Malmaison
� Mystic Beauty
� Kronprincessin Viktoria
� Souv. de St. Anne a/k/a Miss Abbot

Robert

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clipped on: 04.29.2009 at 01:45 pm    last updated on: 04.29.2009 at 01:45 pm